An atomizer consists of three basic parts: a tank to hold the e-liquid, a mouthpiece and a heating element that makes contact with the battery to vaporize the e-liquid. In a rebuildable atomizer, or RBA, the heating element, or coil, and wick are wrapped together. Depending on the model, an RBA may use an O-ring to guard against leaks. On some types of atomizers, all elements, from the tank to the mouthpiece, are replaceable. However, in the world of vaping, the term "rebuildable atomizer" is normally used to describe an atomizer with coils that must be made by the user.
This is not as complicated as it might sound. Anyone with halfway decent manual dexterity, a little patience and - at most - a couple of common household tools can make coils for an RBA. Other than the parts, the only specialty item you might not already have is a multimeter. This is an inexpensive gauge for measuring electrical signals, and you will need it to test the coils you make before you connect your RBA to your battery. The reason that testing is important is that a bad coil can destroy your battery, and potentially, it could cause even more damage.
Most RBAs are less expensive to use over the long term when compared to atomizers with prebuilt replaceable coils. However, on a list of the advantages of an RBA, many users rank financial savings lower than the ability to customize their vaping experience to improve the quality of the vape. Users can choose from a variety of wick materials, ranging from cotton to stainless steel mesh, and each material can alter the taste of the vapor. Therefore, the choice of material depends on your personal preferences.
A rebuild requires only a few simple steps. The first is to drain any e-liquid and disassemble the atomizer. There are normally two screws keeping the coil and wick in place that must be loosened. It is a good idea to wipe everything down; a cotton swab can come in handy for getting into hard-to-reach places.
Most coils are formed by wrapping the wire and the wick together. Beginners should be generous with their lengths, starting with five or six inches of each until they have mastered the process. Once the coil is ready, it's just a matter of winding it and attaching it to the two posts - one negative and one positive - on the RBA. The screws need to be tightened snugly, but they should not be over-tightened as this can draw the coil out of position and cause a short. Although many people need no tools for the operation, others use a small screwdriver for loosening and tightening the screws, and others find that a small pair of needle-nose pliers or plastic tweezers can be beneficial when winding the coil.
Once the coil is in place, it must be tested. A multimeter will display errors if any are found. If no errors are detected, the coil should then be checked for resistance to ensure that readings are within specification. If there are errors, such as an area where the coil is touching itself, they should be corrected and the coil should be tested again. If there are no errors, then the atomizer can be reassembled and vaping can resume.
It is unlikely that a novice will produce a perfect coil on the first attempt. It takes practice to get the hang of it, but for many, the improved taste and financial rewards make it worth the effort. Find out more about the selection of rebuildable atomizers available here at Lite Cig USA.